Friday, November 18, 2005

Congressman Payne

Congressman Payne: The only just way to resolve Western Sahara’s conflict is to hold a referendum on self-determination
Washington, 18/11/2005 (SPS) Congressman Donald M. Payne considered that the only just way to resolve Western Sahara’s conflict is to hold a referendum on self-determination "to allow the Saharawi people to determine their own future", in his testimony before US congress’ Subcommittee on Africa, Global Human Rights, and International Operations’ hearing on Western Sahara, held Thursday in Washington, under the title "Getting to “Yes”: Resolving the 30-Year Conflict over the Status of Western Sahara".
Here are some extracts of Congressman Payne testimony:
“1:30 pm in 2172 RHOB
November 17, 2005
Mr. Chairman, I commend you for calling this hearing on an issue whose resolution is well overdue. It is certainly time, as the title of the hearing suggests, to resolve the 30 year conflict over Western Sahara and the only just way to do so is to hold the referendum to allow the Sahrawi [SAW- ROW- EE] people to determine their own future.
The last remaining colony in Africa, Western Sahara remains one of the longest-running conflicts and I think we, as the United States, have a great deal of responsibility to pressure our close ally, Morocco, to agree to allow a referendum to be held.
If the Sahrawi [SAW- ROW- EE] people want their country to be integrated into Morocco, then that is what they will choose.
But we must provide the leadership as the U.S. to respect and uphold the right to self-determination or we are hypocrites.
We cannot say we want democracy in Iraq and Afghanistan and allow the people to be free of tyranny and oppression there but not allow the people of Western Sahara that same right.
In my opinion, the International Court of Justice’s ruling in 1975 that Morocco has no claims to the territory of the Western Sahara should be respected by the international community. However, I understand we are at the point where the issue has been taken up at the UN for years on how to handle it. First former Secretary of State James Baker was appointed by Secretary-General Kofi Annan and he tried several proposals. As we know, all failed because the parties did not agree at the same time on the same issues.
I welcome the naming of the new Special Envoy this past summer and hope that he will put forth a new plan which calls for a referendum to be held immediately.
I have serious concerns, Mr. Chairman, about the increasing repression and violence being carried out against Sahrawis by Moroccan officials in the occupied territory of El Ayun [EL- A- YOON]. There is a clear clampdown against human rights defenders in Western Sahara and I call for immediate investigation into these activities.
Since late 2005 there have been peaceful protests and an uprising in the areas of Western Sahara under Morocco’s control, 37 Sahrawi political prisoners are in jail as a result of theses demonstrations, among them are Mrs. Aminatu [A- MEN-A- TOO] Haidar [HAY-DAR], Mr. Tamek, and others.
I condemn in the strongest manner the death of a young Sahrawi who was a peaceful demonstrator, Mr. Lembarki, and the imprisonment of a human rights activists, Mr. Dahan for meeting with American officials from the U.S. Embassy in Rabat.
These kinds of activities are unacceptable and I call on the State Department to immediately take action against Morocco in response to these actions.
It’s simply unacceptable and we must be clear that – whether the country in question is a U.S. ally or not – this repression and abuse will not be tolerated.
Morocco is also known for propping up dictators in Gabon and Equatorial Guinea as well. So we have to set the proper example to our allies and encourage the right behavior, not what is currently taking place or what took place in the past.
Lastly, I want to welcome the former Prisoner of War, the Lieutenant, to the committee. I am sure you are happy to be home finally. You suffered terrible conditions over the years and I wish you and the other recently released POW’s all the best.
Mr. Chairman, I think that while this is certainly an issue that is thankfully resolved, there still remain many unresolved cases concerning Sahrawis.
According to Amnesty International, several hundred people were “disappeared” after arrest between the mid-1960’s and early 1990’s remain unaccounted for". (SPS)
060/090/000 181048 nov 05 SPS

US Congress and W.Sahara

Congressman Pitts: “All peoples have the right to self-determination”
Washington, 18/11/2005 (SPS) Congressman Joe Pitts declared he "strongly believe(s) that the only way to bring a final resolution to this conflict is through the holding of a free, fair and transparent referendum for self-determination", in his statement for the International Relations Subcommittee on Africa, Global Human Rights, and International Operations’ hearing on Western Sahara, held Thursday in Washington, under the title "Getting to “Yes”: Resolving the 30-Year Conflict over the Status of Western Sahara".
Here is the complete text of the congressman’s statement, of which SPS received a copy:
"Statement for International Relations Subcommittee on Africa,
Global Human Rights, and International Operations
Hearing: Getting to “Yes”: Resolving the 30-Year Conflict over the Status of Western Sahara
November 17, 2005
Mr. Chairman, thank you for holding this very important hearing entitled Getting to “Yes”: Resolving the 30-Year Conflict over the Status of Western Sahara. It is time that this conflict over Western Sahara be resolved so that the peoples of Western Sahara, Morocco and Algeria can live their lives in peace. Our nation was birthed and established on the right to self-determination, and I strongly believe that the only way to bring a final resolution to this conflict is through the holding of a free, fair and transparent referendum for self-determination.
For over three decades, the lack of resolution to this conflict has caused extensive human suffering. It is time this conflict is resolved in order to end the suffering of hundreds of thousands of individuals and families, including the suffering of those who have lived in refugee camps since 1975. I have personally visited the refugee camps in Tindouf, and I have met with delegations that have traveled to the United States. The stories of those who suffered as a result of this conflict all have a common theme – the people want this conflict to end, want to be reunited with their families, and want to be allowed to rebuild their lives in peace.
In addition to the humanitarian side to this conflict, there are regional, global and national security issues. I, and other Members of Congress, remain deeply concerned that conflict between the parties, if left unresolved, has the potential to disrupt the peace and stability in the Maghreb region, thus threatening the interests of the peoples of that region and of the United States. The Western Sahara conflict needs to be addressed urgently and fairly to the benefit of the peoples of the region. If this issue is resolved as a result of peaceful action, it will provide a signal to the Broader Middle East and North African region that there are successful alternatives to violence in the pursuit of national aspirations. If this issue continues to linger unresolved, however, and violence should break out anew, I shudder to think of the consequences for the people of that region and the entire world.
Mr. Chairman, Article 1 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights states that “All peoples have the right to self-determination.” I have worked on the issue of Western Sahara since the beginning of my service in Congress – again, I say it is time that there is a resolution to this conflict. Thank you again for holding this hearing and for allowing me to participate. I look forward to hearing from our distinguished witnesses." (SPS)
060/090/000 181131 nov 05 SPS

SADR called for urgent UN intervention

Bir Lehlu (liberated territories), 17/11/2005(SPS) The President of the Republic, Mohamed Abdelaziz, warned the UN’s Secretary General, Kofi Annan, in a letter he sent on Thursday, about a "probable genocide" in El Aaiun, calling to "a urgent UN’s intervention" in order to "prevent new abuses", to protect Saharawi citizens and guarantee them their legitimate right to demonstration, free expression and movement.

"The entry in action of the Moroccan army with its full equipments and military vehicles constitutes a serious development which consequences may lead to a real blood shed that may be perpetrated under the watching eyes of the entire world and of the UN’s mission on the ground, Minurso", the President of the Republic warned in his letter, of which SPS received a copy.

The Head of the State recalled that since October the 12th peaceful protests, in the main cities of the territory especially in the capital, El Aaiun, took "a new exceptional dimension regarding their increase of the peaceful movement of protest that claims for the organisation of a self-determination referendum without more delays, the release of Saharawi political prisoners and the respect of the fundamental rights".

A state of urgencies was set up in the occupied territories characterised, the President of the Republic stresses, by "the control of the army", which tightened its grab on the city of El Aaiun "putting it under a state of siege since November the 14th that engendered the arrest and torture of hundreds innocent citizens and the hurting of dozens others, as well as the ransacking and plundering of many houses whose owners were brutalised", he indicated.

"This situation created a climate of terror that aggravates an already complicated situation" (...) "added to a blind repression undertaken by the different corps of security famous by their heinous aggressively against Saharawi citizens", he said.

The President of the Republic also recalled Mr. Annan that he informed him many times in the past on "the explosive situation in the occupied zones of Western Sahara due to the Moroccan authorities’ systematic practice of repression against demonstrators who claim self-determination for the Saharawi people, the release of the political prisoners and the respect of the fundamental rights". He estimated that "the cruel assassination by the Moroccan police of Martyr Lembarki Hamdi, last October the 29th, is a proof in itself" on the gravity of the situation.

Mr. Abdelaziz expressed his "deep concern" about the new conjuncture in the territory and the "dangers of the successive abuses that may lead to the instability of the entire region and to the jeopardizing of the UN’s efforts for the enforcement of a peaceful solution aiming at decolonizing Western Sahara".

The President of the Republic also asked for the opening of the territory to observers, NGOs and foreign Medias and to the quick enforcement of the Peace Plan for the self-determination of the people of Western Sahara, unanimously adopted in the UN’s Security Council’s resolution 1495 (July 2003).

He finally estimated that "the refusal by Morocco to abide by the international legality, its persistence in the human rights violations and the delays by the international community to assume its legal and moral responsibilities vis-à-vis Western Sahara –the non-self-governing territory- until the organization of a referendum, opens the doors to a probable human tragedy" in Western Sahara. (SPS)

010/090/100/TRD 171636 nov 05 SPS

More demonstrations in Smara and Dakhla

Smara (occupied territory), 17/11/2005 (SPS) The two biggest cities of Western Sahara after the Capital, El Aaiun, were the theatre of confrontations on Tuesday between Saharawi demonstrators claiming for the independence of their country and Moroccan colonial forces, reported concordant sources.In Smara the students of the secondary school of "Saguiet El Hamra" organized a sit-in in their school to express their solidarity with the victims of the Moroccan repression in El Aaiun and claimed for self-determination, chanting slogans against Moroccan colonialism and affirming their attachment to Polisario Front and its objective of the independence of Western Sahara.Four students at least were arrested and submitted to brutal interrogatories, while the parents of many students were convoked by the colonial administration in the city to intimidate them and pressure them control their children, it was indicated.IN Dakhla (Villa Cisneros), demonstrators, who were lifting SADR’s flags and pictures of Martyr Lembarki Hamdi, marched through the main streets of the city claiming for the release of Saharawi political prisoners, self-determination of their people and the withdrawal of Moroccan colonialism, before been brutally dispersed by police.The demonstration, which was started on Tuesday evening, continued on Wednesday morning.

Many injured persons were declared, though their exact number is not yet defined, while at least two men, Hamdi Bousseif and Salek Mahmoud Salama, were arrested, the same sources indicated.
At least 57 persons were arrested, 97 injured and more than 32 houses ransacked by the Moroccan military and police corps during the demonstrations, it should be recalled. (SPS)

New uprising in W.Sahara

november 15, 2005

New uprising in Western sahara.High Bills.
Since midnight November 13th 2005, there was an unprecedented overwhelming uprising in the history of the city(Layoune) since last May.This uprising has included the following places:Rass El-Khaima, Skeikima,, Cherif Errady, Zawyat Esheikh, Ben Hyousse, Tweiref, Niger, 23rd May, Mezwr to Tantan, Smara Avenue, Nhouhy Maataalla, Larak quarter, The avenue of El-Meduna to the camps of Chila, Boukraa avenue, Zanghat Boulmane, Zanghat Arrachidya, Zanghat Achawya, Nadhi Lahamar and its suburbs.The demonstrators raised the national flags and was fixed on roofs and hung on electricity pillars and chanted slogans rejecting occupations and demanding self-determination and independence.Many of the above mentioned avenues were blocked by burned tires and rocks. Among many other slogans there were the following:- No alternative other than self-determination.- Martyr rest, we will continue the fight.- Saharawi (man) and Saharawi (woman) my hand in yours for freedom.- Alive Polisario Front.In front of this tense explosive situation, and massive uprising that knew the occupied territories, the Moroccan oppressive apparatus of all its kinds are now confused between spontaneous reaction full of savagism and violence and brutal intervention using all means of assault and punishment, sticks, beating, kidnapping, torture backed by anti-riot water-pumping trucks. The main brutal intervening forces are: The bloody GUS (Urban Security Group), the SIMI and the GIR (a new intervention group, first time deployed in the territory) and finally the intervention of the military Gendarmerie.Many citizens were seriously injured others were detained, many Saharawi housed were broken into, their belonging destroyed, among the detainees are:- Massamiyh Baba (former detainee)- Haddy Mohamed LamineAmong the injured:- Khadudja Tahar- Mohamed Ragraggy ( he is now in comma after being terribly tortured)- Brahim Bayaaha- Mohamed Hassoune- Hamza Moulay- Naama Mousawy- Ahmed Djoumany- Sidahamed Rgueiby Laaroussy ammad (seriously wounded due to torture, can not move)- Hamza Mohamed said Mehdi ( was hit by a GUS vehicle type Land Rover 110 driven by the executioner Ichi Hossein)- Abdel Rahamman Salek Omar.- Moulay- Botabaaa Amina- Ali Tounssy- Aziza Amidane- Habiba AmidaneThe Houses of the following citizens were assaulted:- Wali Abnine- Ahl Laaroussy ( were aggressively attacked by Moroccan settlers)- Ahl Ahmass and their store door was damaged- Ahl Lashagar- Ahl sheigh Amidane- Ahl Mohamed Housseine- Ahl Aallali Ramdane- Mohamed Omar Dadde- Boujamaa Doudy- Yarbanna Maalainine- Hafed Hweidy- Abdel Samed Ahmaddane- Loud Ahmed Baba- Abdallal El-hor (nicknamed Katoursi)- Yara Lehkhlifa- Maryame Aamara- Ment Akhwalaha Boutabaa- Abdallahi Lembairkat- Yara Ahmed Ali Salem- Mohamedou Dah- Mahmoud Dkhil- Mohamed Salem Sidi Bachri Rahal.As a continuity to the 13th uprising, a demonstration was launched the 14th in different avenues and quarters of the city raising the national flags and chanting slogans demanding the departure of the occupiers and calling for independence therefore, besides the police and the army, more troops of the bloody forces mentioned above were deployed. News violent clashed took place where tens of houses were assaulted and their inhabitants beaten, belongings were either damaged or stolen. No exact number can be figured out until now among the demonstrators whose injuries are between wounds to broken bones ant the level of legs, arm, vertebra, crane and there are cases of comma due to the serious injuries.There are about 54 detainees besides tens who were tortured and released later.Primary list of some injured and detainees:- Yahdih Maatalla- Bekay Mheissanate- Sweyeh Mohamed Lamine Salek- Sidaty Aassaly- Akmach Mohamed Ali- Hamza Ghady- Mahjouba Bachir Kreita- Mansoura Chakoutty- Geiraa Abdel-Rahmane- Saadi Sahal.- Mousawi Ahmed Boujmaa- Haidala Khouna- Najem Khalil- Boutabaa Hanafy Ahmed- Sweyheh Cheikh Mohamed Najem- Sweyeh Adel-Rahmane- Bochra Mohamed Fadel Bouchraya- Boutabaa Boukhary- Ragueb kenty- Saleh Ahmed Hamma- Mohamed Mohamed Salem- Ahmed Nah- Haidala Khalil- Haidala Faddali- Fdeily Tahar Maatalla- Cheikh Mohamed Najem- Mohamed Lamine Dgheich- Chaarawi Bochra- Hassana el-Khalfawi- The whole Family of Tangi- Sidahmed Ahmedou Boujamaa- Ment Akhwalha Mohamed Lamine DjaaydarFamilies whose houses were assaulted:-Ahl Hafed-Mousawi Boujamaa- Ahl saadi Sahel- Aabidyne Brhim- Fatma Mohamed Maatala- Salma Maatala-Bahya Naouf- Cheikh Amidane- Mouloud Aali- Bachir Lebayhi-Ahmed labeid-Salek Noumraya- khouna Rgueiby- Mbarak Sallouky- Lamen Ahl Cheikh- Boujamaa Ahl Mamoune- Ahl Mamy Mohamed said- Ahl Akmache- Al Ghadi Ailal- Ahl Barya-Ahl DjaidarAmong the injured are:- Mohamed Saleh Hossein- Mohamed Ahmed Filali- Nadjem khalil- Mohamed Boulahi- Maryam Salahi- Aminatou Sidi Mohamed boutabaa- Fatima Ahmed Ali Salem- Salma Salek Lefdil- Aliha Alfanych- Mohamed Andalla Rahmoune- Fatma Hmade- Sahel Brahime Aalaya- Naama Ahmed Salem Baba- Idrissy Sidahmed Rgueiby- Hallaty Aazza- Boukhreisse Ameima- Manna Galana Ali- Ahl Ameidou- Lebeihy Mouloud- Hadamine Habouh- Nedrouha Bouzeid’- Ahmed Bahaya Naouf- Bismi-Allah- aliha Fanych- Saadi Aziza- Saadi Sal- Ragueb Kenty- Khawala Assaaidy- Ahmed Assaaydi- Maahfoud Saady Ragueb- Sal Massaoud- Moussawi Sidahamed- Aziza Salma Bachir- Faddalla Ameidou- Ameina Ameidou- Aabeida Ameidou- Maryem Bdel-rahmane- Feila Boullahi Breir- Noumraya Habib Alloud Andel-Rahmane- Boussawla Abdelllahi- Salka Mohamed Salem Mekky- Beila Fatma- Aamary Abdal-Moula- Ahl Aali Maatalla- Agheila Mohamed Salem- Saadi Hazaña- Omar Sidahamed AbdelMoula- Mohamed Habib (Sarghaly)- Fatma Amed Boutabaa- Aminatou Ahmed Boutabaa- Aziz Salama Bachir- Mouloud Ali- Hazaña tgalbout- Abder-Hmane Salek- Maryam Brahim Dweih- Aaza Karkoube- Hayoune Mahjoube- Zeidane Moussawi- Aabidyne Sbaayi- Bakka Djanhawi- Brahim Ragraggy- Brahim Manssouri- Moahmed haddi- Mostaza Mannane- Brahim Lembarki- Mhamed Boulahy- Mammadi Llak- Bachie Foughrawi- Mohamed Mouloud Matnane- Ben El-Aalem Ahmed Mohamed Fadel- Ghadi Hamza- Dahwar Ali Salem- El- Barbouch Sidi Mohamed- Lehbib Laaroussy- Lehbib Noumrya- Aalaya Laadjaj- Mohamed Mahmoud Achnane- Zerwali Housseine- Ahmed Bachir Ahmed Aali- Fatimatou Yarba- Mohamed Toubali- Fatma Mohamed Yahdih maatalla.
posted by saharanordic @ 4:32 PM
måndag, november 14, 2005

30 000 demonstrators for Western Sahara.
Madrid, 14/11/2005 (SPS) More than 30.000 persons demonstrated, Saturday in Madrid, to demand the withdrawal of Morocco from Western Sahara and to demand from the Spanish Government to play an effective role within the international community so as to enable Saharawi people exercise their legitimate right to self-determination, according to press agencies.The demonstration, which started from the Atocha Place marching towards Plasa Mayor in he centre of the Madrid, counted with the participation of many Spanish political personalities, especially the Coordinator of the Izquierda unida (Unified Left), Gaspar Llamazares, and the Spanish Popular Party’s Secretary for Foreign Relations, Jorge Moragas, besides members of the Executive Committee of all Spanish political parties, including Spanish Socialist Party (PSOE- in power), representatives of trade unions, including the Secretary General of Cimisiones Obreras (one of the most important Spanish Trade Unions), José Maria Fidalgo.Representatives of the Spanish and European civil society, NGOS, committees of support to the Saharawi cause and citizens also took part to the march that was widely covered by the Medias. "30 years of injustice and sufferings! 30 years are enough for the decolonisation of Western Sahara", "Justice for the Saharawi people", "Free Sahara", "Morocco guilty, Spain accountable", were some of the slogans chanted by the demonstrators during this march, which was organised on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the Madrid’ Tripartite Accords through which Spain ceded the territory to Morocco and Mauritania. The participants, who were lifting pictures of Saharawi human rights activists (Ali Salem Tamek, Aminatou Haidar, Brahim Noumria an others), denounced human rights violations in the occupied territories that culminated lately by the assassination of the young Martyr Lembarki Hamdi under torture in El Aaiun. At the end of the demonstration the declaration of Madrid "for the decolonisation of Western Sahara" was read before the participants. The text, which was signed by more than 700.000 signatures of support, will be handed over to the Spanish Government this week, it was indicated."The Spanish State is historically and politically responsible of the colonisation the people of the Western Sahara is suffering, since Spain has occupied the territory and exploited its resources for more than a centaury", the text of the declaration underlines. It calls the Spanish Government to undertake "a determined action" so as the process of decolonisation that was interrupted in 1975 can be completed in a just way through the organisation of a self-determination referendum. It further called on Zapatero’s Government to demand from Morocco the respect of the UN’s Security Council’s resolutions, especially the resolution 1495, in which the Council endorsed the" Peace plan for the self-determination of the people of Western Sahara”, most known as the Baker Plan.Before that, Mr. José Taboada, President of the State Coordination of the Spanish Associations of solidarity with the Sahara (CEAS-Sahara), affirmed that it "is time to put an end to injustice and to the tragedy lived by the Saharawi people". "Saharawi people said: 30 years of repression is enough", he added referring to the uprising of Saharawi people in the occupied territories of Western Sahara."Spanish political powers are unanimously considering that the Sahara is a problem of the Spanish State. Spain must assume, within the international community, the leadership of the efforts aimed at setting justice for the Saharawi people", he underlined. The writer Mrs. Rosa Regas, who undertook lots of visits to the Saharawi refugee’s camps, declared she was "moved" by the number of participants, some 30.000 according to the organisers. (SPS)010/090/000 140940 nov 05 SPS
Source: Sahara Press ervice
posted by saharanordic @ 2:44 PM
söndag, november 13, 2005

Spain hides its real politicy about Western Sahara.
Spain hides its real politics about Western Sahara.This analysis was highly spread in the Solidarity of the Saharawi people milieu, the Polisario Front leadership has always tried to avoid tackling it publicly but it became unanimous attitude among the strong solidarity associations with the Saharawi people which has a big influence on the Spanish political milieu mainly at regional levels. Therefore, these associations celebrated yesterday the anniversary of the Madrid Agreement by organizing a huge demonstration that walked along Madrid streets from the Train Station which was the target of the Moroccan Commando March bombing to the main square in the city center known as “Plaza Mallor”. In this overwhelming gathering, the Solidarity associations demanded that Morocco stop immediately the oppression in the occupied territories and requested that the Spanish government must denounce publicly the “Madrid Agreement” which “legalize” the invasion of Western Sahara by the Moroccan Forces in the end of 1975 and the withdrawal if the Spanish forces with a humiliating way according to the officers who received the orders to do so.The demonstration was supported by the presence of President Mohamed Abdel-aziz who is now in Spain. He declared previously that there is no other option exept the referendum for self-determination as a solution for the question of Western Sahara and the rejection of any other approach that does not take into consideration the non-negotiable right of the Saharawi people to freely choose his destiny.The Saharawi leadership and the Spanish supporting forces launched jointly an unprecedented attack on the Zapatero government mainly against the foreign Affairs minister in person, Moratinos, and accused a lobbying group close to the government headed by the previous president Consalez to defend the Moroccan regime goals in the region despite that the government has several times declared its neutrality and its support to the UN but behind the curtains it hides maneuvers that aim at the realization of the Moroccan strategic objectives on the detriment of the Saharawi people, the balance and stability in north west Africa.In this regard, the discourse of the Saharawi government calls the Spanish government to denounce an agreement that is totally contradictory to the international legality concluded by Spain on the eve of its withdrawal from the colony and never got back on it until now despite the UN resolutions which abolished it.The demonstration organized yesterday in Madrid was attended by 30 000 people. It should be recalled.

Saharawi people continues its challenges

The Uprising continues
The uprising independence continues and the challenges by the Saharawi militants to the Moroccan oppressive apparatus in Layoune which confirmed to the Moroccan occupiers that there will be no peace nor stability before its departure and full idependence.In the morning of November the 6th 2005, there was a big demonstration at the Layoune III, avenue Boukraa high School, where Saharawi flags and anti-occupation slogans chanted. In the evening of this same day, another demonstration took place at the avenue of Bir Djedid, where the demonstrators are still chased in all the streets of the area.In Marekesh University Ghady Aayad, the Saharawi students organised a solidaity march from the Rights faculty to the Literatures faculty. The speakers denouced the savage oppression against the helpless people in the occupied territories. The area where the march was organised was sieged by an intense security apparatus.Samara:15/11/2005the students of the Lycee of the Saghya el-hamra and Wady Dhahab organised a protest in solidarity with the Layoune population who endures the sagave and unhuman Moroccan oppression and punishment. Independence, freedom and struggle slogans were chanted. The students were violently dispersed by the Moroccan security forces.the following students were interrogated:- Hamdi Ghlana Moulay Ahmed- Boulahi Mokhtar Hmadou- Ahmed Lebnine- Daowdy M´barekMany parents were called by the Morccan authorities in order to put pressure on them.

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